b'PIPELINE EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDELINESPIPELINE BASICSSection VideoBefore we discuss how to respond to a pipeline incident, lets quickly review the basics about pipelines: https://vimeo.com/428844961What are pipelines and what purpose do they serve? Where are pipelines located? How will you identify a pipeline right-of-way and use pipeline markers? How does the operator monitor pipeline performance and ensure reliability?Pipelines in Your CommunityPeople across the nation expect to have the energy they need to drive their cars, heat their homes and cook dinner, never really considering how they get the petroleum, natural gas, and other chemical products necessary to power their daily activities. The pipeline industry has installed more than 2.7 million miles of pipeline to transport a variety of gases and liquids from gathering points to storage areas, and from refineries and processing plants to customers homes and places of business. The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) defines a pipeline system as all parts of a pipeline facility through which a hazardous liquid or gas moves in transportation, including piping, valves, and other appurtenanc-es connected to the pipeline, pumping units, fabricated assemblies associated with pumping units, metering and delivery stations, and breakout tanks. To ensure these pipeline systems remain safe, a body of local, state and federal laws, regulations and standards govern pipeline design, construction, opera-tion, and public awareness and damage prevention programs. Specifically, pipeline operators use a series of gathering, transmission and distribution pipelines to transport many different gas and liquid products. Gathering pipelines transport crude oil and natural gas from the well-heads and production facility to processing facilities where the oil, gasand water are separated and processed. Transmission pipelines move refined liquid products, crude oil, andnaturalgasfromrefineriestomarketinganddistributionterminalstypically using larger diameter, high-pressure lines. Distribution systems for liquid and gas products vary. Liquid productsare stored and transported by tanker trucks to their final destination,whilegases,suchasnaturalgas,butane,propane,ethane,etc.,aretransported from a storage location directly to residential and industrialcustomers through lower pressure distribution pipelines.4 2023 by Pipeline Association for Public Awareness'