b'PIPELINE EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDELINESTable of ContentsINTRODUCTION ______________________________________________________________3PIPELINE BASICS _____________________________________________________________4Pipelines in Your Community ________________________________________________4Pipeline Right-of-Way ______________________________________________________5Pipeline Marker Signs _______________________________________________________5Pipeline Control Center _____________________________________________________6Pipeline Maps_____________________________________________________________7PRODUCTS AND FACILITIES ___________________________________________________8Natural Gas_______________________________________________________________8 Petroleum Gas ____________________________________________________________11Petroleum Liquids _________________________________________________________12 Anhydrous Ammonia, Carbon Dioxide ______________________________________15Ethanol, Hydrogen Gas ____________________________________________________16Sour Crude Oil, Sour Gas ___________________________________________________17EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS ________________________________________________18INCIDENT RESPONSE STEPS _________________________________________________19Step 1. Approach Cautiously from Upwind, Uphill or Upstream ________________19 Step 2. Secure the Scene ____________________________________________________20Step 3. Identify the Hazards ________________________________________________20Step 4. Assess the Situation _________________________________________________21Step 5. Obtain Assistance from Trained Personnel_____________________________21Step 6. Respond to Protect People, Property and the Environment _______________23Step 7. Working Together with the Pipeline Operator __________________________28SECURITY AND DAMAGE PREVENTION _______________________________________30APPENDIX - A Leak, Hazard, and Incident Response Information _________________32APPENDIX - B General Products Characteristics ________________________________33APPENDIX - C Recommended Minimum Evacuation Distances for Natural GasPipeline Leaks and Ruptures___________________________________34APPENDIX - D Natural Gas Escaping Inside a Building __________________________35APPENDIX - E Storage Facilities ______________________________________________38ADDITIONAL RESOURCES ____________________________________________________45EMERGENCY RESPONSE CAPABILITIES _______________________________________47 2 20222b0y2 P2i pbeyl iPniep eAlsinseo cAiastsiocni afotiro nP ufbolri cP uAbwliacr eAnweasrseness'