b'PIPELINE EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDELINESPetroleum Liquids(DOT ERG 128)Section Video Petroleum liquids is a broad term covering many products, including: crude oil, gasoline, diesel fuel, aviation gasoline, jet fuel, fuel oil, kerosene, naphtha, xylene and other refined products. Crude oil is unrefined petroleum that is extracted from beneath the earths surface through wells. As it comes from https://vimeo.com/428843055 the well, crude oil contains a mixture of oil, gas, water and other impurities, such as metallic compounds and sulfur. Refinement of crude oil produces petroleum products that we use every day, such as motor oils and gasoline. Crude oil is normally transported from wells to refineries through gathering pipelines. Refined petroleum products are normally transported in transmis-sion pipelines to rail or truck terminals for distribution to consumers. Odorant is not added to these products because they have a natural odor.Indications of a Leak The pooling of liquid on the ground An odor like petroleum liquids or gasoline A sheen on the surface of water An area of dead vegetationHazards of a Release Highly flammable and easily ignited by heat or sparks Vapors are heavier than air and will collect in low areas Contact with skin may cause burns, injury, or frostbite Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases Runoff may cause pollution Vapors may form an explosive mixture with airPetroleum Refinery.12 2023 by Pipeline Association for Public Awareness'